There exist real-life threats at the root of all threats likely to be encountered on the Internet. All risk topics existing in terms of the Internet are situations that can also be encountered in real life. Therefore, just as we strive and set rules to protect our children from all these dangers in real life, we can minimize the risks of the virtual world by learning to use the internet consciously, safely and effectively, and by teaching this to children. We can offer our children the contributes such as education, communication and spending quality time as an opportunity.
Some of the suggestions for families to ensure safe internet and computer use for children of different age groups are as follows:
Today, the use of information and communication technologies by most children is more advanced when compared to their parents. It is essential that parents be knowledgeable about internet and computer technologies, and that, if they do not have enough knowledge on this subject, they develop themselves, and that learn, at least, to use the internet at a level that they can direct and supervise their children.
Just as some rules are set for children in real life, it is necessary to set rules in virtual environment as well.
Parents should set some rules, give advice, and follow them while they are in virtual environment, so as to support the child's conscious use of the Internet and protect them from harms of the Internet. While these rules vary depending on the age of the child, it is necessary to monitor whether the rules are observed or not and to ensure that the rules are observed.
Families should use up-to-date antivirus, filter and firewall applications on their computers to protect children from internet dangers.
Antivirus, filter and firewall programs protect the computer against viruses, spam and malware that may come from outside. But parental control, on the other hand, includes some applications enabling families to filter harmful content, to determine the time children spend on the Internet, to monitor the sites they connect to, and to determine what kind of things children do on these sites.
In addition, it is necessary to generalize the Secure Internet Service offered by the Information and Communication Technologies Authority (ITA), and infrastructure of which is created by access providers, and that families should use the most appropriate profile, for themselves, of this service, especially on computers that are used by children. By the help of this service, families can have the opportunity to be protected and protect their children, upon demand and free of charge, from pornographic sites, drug trafficking sites, violent sites, sites broadcasting on racism and hate crimes, sites with the contents of stories about committed crimes and terrorist propaganda sites, which are among the negative content of the internet especially for their children. You can access detailed information about the service from the Safe Internet Service included in this section.
Parents should encourage their children to let them know when something or someone online is making their children feel uncomfortable or threatened.
When faced with such an event, families should be calm and remind their children that they will not have a problem if they notify such things to them. Their behavior should be appreciated and they should be encouraged to come back to their families again when the same thing happens again.
Some of the suggestions for families to ensure safe internet and computer use for their children of different age groups are as follows:
In this period, which is also called the preschool period, children love to research, learn something new and are curious about everything. Furthermore, this is the period when children are most active. In this period, which we can call the beginning level in the use of ICT for children, the use of computer and internet should be in very limited times, and should be carried out together with parents. Children can view picture albums, with their parents, created on the computer, browse websites that are made in accordance with their ages, and play games that are appropriate for their ages. Moreover, for children in this age period;
Children in this age group are more knowledgeable about the internet experiences; however, it is useful to monitor and inspect their usage of the internet to find out if they are exposed to inappropriate content or not. Children in this age group should be made sure to understand kind of what personal information they should not give others while they are in the internet. Moreover, children at the age from 7 to 10 generally tend to exhibit prohibited behaviors. For children in this age group;
In this period, which is also known as the pubescence period, children are constantly in research and inspection because they want to know everything. Since they are aware of the possibilities and innovations offered by the internet, they want to use these opportunities to the fullest. In other words, very rapid changes can occur in children during this period. If these changes are channeled to good, beautiful and true behaviors in the internet environment as in other fields, it will be beneficial for the mental development of children. Otherwise, it is possible for children to encounter negativities such as pornography and activities of criminal enterprises on the internet. Although the dependence on parents continues in children at the age group from 10 to 13, a desire to act independently as much as possible can also be observed. For children in this age period;
For children in this age period, which is described as transition from childhood to youth, the importance of the group of friends, with which they are in a relationship, increases and children consult them in performance of many activities and act upon giving their approval. In addition, in this period, it is possible to see behaviors such as not consulting parents on any issue, not meeting their expectations, acting independently in any issue, being open to new ideas, and incompatibility of family values with those specific to their ages.
It is very difficult for parents to help their children in this age group about the internet and computer technology, because they generally have more information about the use of the internet and computer than their parents do. For this reason, it is essential that parents be very careful with their children in this age group. Otherwise, it is a possibility that children may be exposed to online dangers (such as sexual abuse, pornography, activities of criminal enterprises) in the internet or to become internet addicts.
For children in this age period;